how to unzip tar gz

If you need to combine multiple tar files into a single archive, the tar utility can be used in conjunction with the gzip file compression utility. After you create a compressed archive, it will be added. Please keep in mind that tar must use gzip to compress the archive as it is created in the examples above. You can use the file extension.tar.gz to identify the archive in some cases.

If you plan to distribute and store .tar.gz files on your website, Kinsta’s managed hosting services can help make the most of your space. Since .tar.gz compresses multiple files all at once, it can take advantage of similarities between individual files to save on space. Generally speaking, a collection of files archived and compressed as a .tar.gz will be more space-efficient (i.e., smaller) than the same collection compressed as a .zip. Again, the above commands will extract to the current working directory by default.

how to unzip tar gz

You can keep track of the contents of an archive file by using the -t option, which allows you to peek or list its contents without requiring it to be extracted. If you want to install specific versions of a package, the apt command is the best way to do so. Kali Linux 1.0.0 includes the ability to run Kali Linux in a virtual machine as well as boot from a USB stick. It is possible to use Kali Linux to log in to a Kali Linux system. XZ has an option for compressed archives, which is used in the tar.xz file. Tar is an easy command to generate on Linux and Unix.

Troubleshooting Common Errors

To do it all in one step, you need the tar program. The tar format is just a format, and it’s an open format, so it can be created by more than just one tool. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. While there are many tools to choose from, the most popular include 7-Zip and WinZip. While slightly different, they are quite lightweight and offer a much simpler alternative to using the command line.

In the shell, you can add a file or directory to a tar archive as long as it is not compressed. If your archive has been compressed, you must uncompress it, but you do not need to unarchive it. It’s easy to get confused when navigating between .tar, .tar.gz, and .gz – not to mention zipping and unzipping them. Here are a few frequently asked questions we commonly hear from users working with .tar.gz files. This error occurs if you try to decompress a file without specifying a decompression utility, specifically -z for gzip.

how to unzip tar gz

The tar archive is a collection of files that are stored in various places, such as the owner, permissions, and date. As an alternative to tar, you can compress archives with a variety of compression programs. This article demonstrates how to generate tar archives by utilizing the tar command. It is simple to copy tar.gz files from directories or files to a directory or file. Gzip is a convenient alternative to tar for older versions that do not support compression.

Next, use the “tar” command to extract the contents of the tar.gz file into a directory. Finally, use the “cd” command to change into the new directory and run the “./configure” script followed by the “make” command. If all goes well, you should now be able to install the software by running the “sudo make install” command.

How To Extract and Unzip .tar.gz Files (for Linux and Windows)

Explore our plans or talk to sales to find your best fit. Notice that the “-z” is missing from what should be sudo tar -xz on the far right. However, while tools like 7-Zip are free, many more “robust” solutions are only available for a price after a trial period. As a result, we recommend sticking to free (but trustworthy) tools or simply using the command line. Travis is a programmer who writes about programming and delivers related news to readers. He is knowledgeable and experienced, and he enjoys sharing his knowledge with others.

  1. These kinds of archives are sometimes called a tarbomb, although not always with a negative connotation.
  2. If the command line isn’t your thing, there are plenty of user-friendly tools available to unzip tar.gz files.
  3. After you create a compressed archive, it will be added.
  4. Thankfully, unless you’re somehow missing your tar or gzip utility, most common errors are very easy to fix.
  5. Ubuntu LTS (Long-Term Support) versions, known for their stability and extended support periods, are typically released every two years in April.
  6. Perhaps you might also be interested in learning how to unzip files in Linux.

During this process, the “tar” command will be used, with the “-xvf” option and the name of a “tar” file provided at the “Downloads” folder. The options “x,” “-v,” and “-f” are used to extract the package, and “-f” is used to perform the extraction forcefully. DEB is the native and most common package format Ubuntu and other Debian-based Linux distributions use. It contains compiled binaries, libraries, configuration files, and metadata required to install and manage software on a Ubuntu system. Perhaps you might also be interested in learning how to unzip files in Linux. You’ll probably have to install the “other” tar (whatever that may be on your system) manually.

How to Extract tar.gz File in Linux by Using the Command Line

Otherwise, keep reading to learn how to unzip .tar.gz files in Linux, macOS, and Windows. The tar option will appear after you’ve right-clicked on the item and chosen mouse over compress. If you are using a gz file, extract the mouseover extract, and then choose an option to unpack it. Snaps were developed by Canonical, the company behind Ubuntu, to package and distribute software focusing on security, sandboxing, and ease of installation and updates. They were officially introduced in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, released in April 2016.

Some third-party tools also offer extended flexibility for converting between file types‌, saving more time if you want to change between compression formats. A “.tar” file is a collection of files compressed into a single file or archive. Short for “Tape ARchive,” the name “TAR” is a throwback to when files were stored on magnetic tape drives.

The tarbox is a system file format that combines and compresss multiple files. Tarballs are file formats that are used by many Linux operating systems. Here’s how to tar a file in Linux using the Linux tar command line option. The file is an archive, which is one of the many archiving programs that allow you to store multiple files in the same file.

GNU tar and BSD tar

Some common examples include .tar.bz2 (bzip2), (Brotli), and .tar.zst (zstd), among many others. You would use the zip command to compress the file. The tar command is used to create an archive of files, and the gzip command is used to compress the files.

Tar archives are created using the tar command, which converts a number of files into a single archive. You can run a wide range of compression programs, including gzip, bzip2, lzip, and lzma. The tar command can also be used to display a list of all of the files that have been included in the archive. You must provide your exact names, including the path, when extracting files, as indicated by the -t symbol.

If you’re not comfortable with the terminal or command line, third-party tools such as 7-Zip offer a more user-friendly alternative. This error occurs when trying to extract specific files or directories from a .tar.gz file using tar. If the command line isn’t your thing, there are plenty of user-friendly tools available to unzip tar.gz files. If you want to keep the original file after compression, there are two options. The first is the -k option, and the other uses the -c option to output the compressed file to a different file, preserving the original. Note that this command will throw an error unless you specify the exact filename listed in the .tar file.

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